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Basics Of Ground Penetrating Radar


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Winter work through the ice.

This is a picture of a real bed of an old river, under a layer of ice.

(Ice is radio-transparent)

Now there is a swamp in that place, but we were looking for the old river bed.

the first channel of river - on the green scale (top of the image) 50-200,

the second channel of river= 650-800.


Measurements were made across the river bed!

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What a great thread! Chalk me up as another person fascinated with what a prospector could do with GPR.

Like Steve, I am curious about searching for paleo river channels, buried and lost under sediment, except I am curious about searching for them in Nevada where the soil is quite salty.

I see from your chart that salt attenuates the radio waves quite a lot. What sort of depth might a person expect from your GPR in salty/alkaline soils? Does this attenuation decrease when the soil is dry versus wet, when the salt ions are not as mobile, and if so, how much more depth might be expected when the salty soil is dry?

Do you have any units in the US to demonstrate in the field?

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Dear sirs 🙂
1) dry salty (even just salt itself) soils break through well (low attenuation). Any crystalline rocks break through well, we can talk about 5-15 meters of depth. Wet (wet) salt rocks are electrolyte (like seawater) and have a very high attenuation.
2) America (USA) has made it almost impossible to visit with tourist visas, all of us (who live in the former USSR, Ukraine) are considered criminals and deceivers 🙂 who will come and stay to live illegally in the USA. If someone took responsibility and made an invitation to one of us, we could bring a radar and travel (visit) places (fields) for measurements.
3) The cost of a radar complete with all antennas is about $8000. You could chip in money (put together money from several people) and buy one radar for several people, we could send you a radar and support you remotely.
4) Gold mining means you spend hundreds of thousands of dollars on digging and flushing equipment. If you do not have equipment for deep exploration (for example, georadar), then you will spend tens of thousands of dollars on fuel and blindly washing tons of rock, playing roulette - "lucky or unlucky." In Ukraine, many amber seekers have georadars, despite the fact that we are a poor country and for such a sum of money you can buy a house in a village in Ukraine  🙂
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We found some data on Republic of Ghana (Africa)

An expedition to search for gold placers worked there in 2014.

They were looking for the channels of ancient rivers in order to check the placers of metals. Unfortunately, we were not given the primary files of georadar surveys, we received only a part of the reports ...

The reports were verified during the expedition by excavator digging. The shooting depth actually reached 12-14 meters. A radar with a frequency of 300 MHz was used.

I will give below what we have.

1) the test object buried in the soil of Ghana looks like this:


The soil is mineralized and "rings" around the object.

2) This is how a layer of pebbles (boulders of different sizes from granite) looks like on the radar screen.



3) this is what a raft looks like with splashes of metal.

You see numerous V-shaped and inverted V marks at the bottom (deep).




4) here is the combined frame: on the left is what the radar shows, and on the right is the result of a hole cut by an excavator.



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The total combat losses of the enemy from 24.02 to 12.06 were approximately:


Operational information as of 06.00 on 12.06.2022 regarding the Russian invasion

The one hundred and ninth era of the Ukrainian nation’s heroic confrontation with the Russian military invasion has begun.

In the Volyn and Polissya directions, the enemy did not take active action. In the border areas of the Republic of Belarus, additional measures are being taken for the engineering equipment of checkpoints and the deployment of additional means of electronic warfare.
In the northern direction, the enemy continues to provide enhanced protection of the Ukrainian-Russian border in the Bryansk and Kursk regions. Increased levels of terrorist threat continued in Belgorod and Kursk oblasts. The enemy continues to fire mortars at the positions of the Defense Forces in the border areas. In addition, the aggressor fired on civilian infrastructure in the areas of Rozhkovichi, Gremyach, Luhivka and Popivka.
The situation in the Kharkiv direction has not changed significantly. To restrain the actions of the defense forces, it exerts systematic fire on the positions of our units. In addition, the enemy fired on civilian infrastructure near Vernopil, Ukrainka, Petrivka, Chepil and Khrestyshche. He struck an air strike near the village of Mospanovo.
In the Slavic direction, the enemy carried out systematic artillery shelling in the areas of the settlements of Petrivske, Nova Husarivka, Kurulka, Dolyna. He is trying to gain a foothold in the village of Bogorodichne, the fighting continues.
The enemy did not take active action in the Lyman direction. Increased the intensity of artillery use, including multiple rocket launchers, in the areas of Shipylivka and Dronivka. Conducts regrouping of troops.
In Severodonetsk, the occupiers are conducting assaults in the city of Severodonetsk, to no avail. Fighting continues in the Toshkivka area.
In the Bakhmut direction, the enemy fired at our positions with mortars, barrel and jet artillery in the areas of the settlements of Komyshuvakha, Gorske, Mykolaivka, Belogorivka, and Novoluhanske. Enemy army aircraft struck near Pokrovsky.
Ukrainian soldiers repulsed the offensive near the village of Vrubivka. The enemy also tried to advance in the direction of the settlement of Nikolaevka. He received a decisive rebuff and left. Our defenders also successfully repulsed the enemy assault in the Vasylivka area. The Russian occupiers suffered losses and retreated to their former positions.
The enemy did not conduct active hostilities in the Avdiivka, Kurakhiv, Novopavliv and Zaporizhzhya areas. He insidiously fired on civilian infrastructure in the areas of Zhelanne, Avdiivka, Karlivka, Vuhledar and Orikhiv. Deploys additional units in some areas.
In the South Bug direction, the enemy defended, firing at units of our troops with artillery, mortars and multiple rocket launchers. He tried to fight the battery.
The Russian occupiers cynically shelled the settlements of Tverdomedovo, Berezneguvate, Kobzartsi, Kvitneve and Luch.
Over the past 24 hours, the enemy has lost ten tanks, sixteen armored combat vehicles, seven UAVs, more than ten vehicles and up to 150 manpower.
We believe in the Armed Forces of Ukraine! Let's win together! Glory to Ukraine!


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