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  1. I'm told by old timers that a horse race track was right next door to me. But the old timers aren't old enough to know exactly where. I've looked on Historical Aerials but in my area the earliest photo is 1939. By then they had plowed disked and put in irrigation ditches. No real difination of a track. I want to know where the crowd might have been standing. I was contracted to dig a ditch in the area and dug through an an old trash dump for an old house that shows up. Any ideas for other resources? Records are scarce for this part of Idaho in nineteen hundred.
  2. We've added a new mapping layer to the Land Matters Mining Claim Maps. You will find the new layer under the "Claims" mapping group on every mining claim map. It's named "Mining Claim Fees Paid". The mining claim maps start without the new layer displaying so you will need click the checkbox next to the layer name to begin using this map layer. This new map layer shows the total amount of maintenance fees paid to the BLM for each Section since annual Maintenance fees were begun in 1993. These fee totals are for annual maintenance only and do not include filing or locating fees or the costs associated with State recording fees. Mining bonds and permit expenses are not included. Each Section that has had claims during the period from 1979-2024 are represented in green on the map. The more fees that have been paid for the section the darker the green. Some sections may have $0 in fees paid yet show several claims. These are Sections where all claims were closed before the maintenance fees began in 1993. As you zoom in the amount of fees paid will be displayed in the section. In this example the Fees Paid are displayed between the normal active mining claims display. To get Information at any zoom level you can select the information tool and click on your area of interest will return a window with the number of claims and the total of fees paid in that section. As with all our mining claim maps the current or prior existence of mining claims does not mean that the area is now open to new mining claims. What are annual maintenance fees? Until 1993 all Mining Claims were held by completing a minimum of $100 worth of development work per claim per year. This was known as the mining claim labor requirement. If you didn't perform work on your mining claim each year before 1993 they became invalid. In 1993 Congress, at the request of the BLM, enabled claim owners to pay an annual fee of $100 instead of completing their annual claim development work. This brought in funds to the BLM to administer the program as well as relieving them of their responsibility to check existing mining claims for evidence of development work. No longer did the BLM need to do field work to administer mining claims. Since 1993 the annual claim fees have risen to $165 per year for each Lode claim and $165 per 20 acres for each placer claim. Placer claim fees can be as much as $1,320 per claim. Unlike other government programs the mining claim case administration system at the BLM is entirely supported by claim owner fees. These annual mining claim maintenance fees are paid directly to each BLM State office to offset the costs associated with administrating the mining claim case files. No public monies are used. Here are the totals by State of mining claim fees paid for the years 1994 - 2023 Arizona $507,229,955 California $385,681,600 Colorado $380,865,975 Idaho $307,600,865 Montana. $224,791,660 Nevada $1,523,212,855 New Mexico $190,491,505 Oregon $99,909,290 South Dakota $107,769,290 Utah $556,540,015 Washington. $53,075,435 Wyoming $468,886,230 Total $4,806,054,675 Nearly 5 Billion dollars have been spent by mining claim owners to support BLM mining claim administration. The BLM is now collecting more than 83 million dollars in mining claim maintenance fees each year.
  3. My son is with me on the island at the moment and we're nutting out the pros and cons of buying an exploration permit in Cape York (see another post).. As we were talking about detector prospecting it struck me the amount of times I mentioned Steve.. As in: 'Steve's timing matrix for the GPX 5000 just about explains all you need to know' or 'Steve explains somewhere about using hot VLF detectors when scrapping away the top layer to find really small nuggets'.. When he asked who Steve was, I was a bit lost as how to explain him.. Somehow I'd made Steve sound like a mate and a guru all at the same time.. So I told him to read what Steve had to say and make up his own mind as to who Steve is.. He read loads of pages I've saved from this forum where Steve explains the finer details about nugget hunting and the technology involved.. As he was reading he mentioned that he now understood much better how his Gold Bug worked.. He's been a bit unconventional in how he uses it as he's mainly a panning and sluicing dude and the Gold Bug is used to scan the ground to get an idea of black sand before he starts carting away buckets of soil.. It seems to work for him.. But it's little things like his moment of understanding that made me realize what an incredible source of knowledge Steve is.. I'm not trying to blow smoke up Steve's arse or score any brownie points but when I think about the amount of times I've referred to his wise words it makes me want to nominate him for nugget hunter Sainthood.. So thanks Steve, your willingness to share your knowledge is very much appreciated - even by the next generation..
  4. One of Two Toes older videos that is worth watching
  5. Can any one recommend a book on rocks and geology for someone interested, but knows nothing about either. Being an older gent, having an interest in geology, where can I start. Thanks, Joe
  6. I’ve detecting for several years here in Utah in gold mining districts and have yet to find a nugget. Has anyone else had better luck in this state? I've used tdi big box, gmt tm 808 and V3i. Sluices highbanker shaker table pans dredges, picks shovels and own a claim in a good area. Sure need some encouragement.
  7. I'm starting into my 5th year as a prospector but it hasn't been much more than a year that I've started leaning heavy into detecting. Here in Utah I've found gold in quite a few places using a pan and sluice but the overwhelming large majority has been flour gold. I've heard many times "Do your research before exploring an area". I have taken this serious and have improved on my ability to do research and learn more about places I have gone before physically exploring the area. I've found USGS as a very useful tool for finding new places, takes some persistence to know how to get the information out of there as that isn't the most intuitive tool but I have found some really interesting data in there. I don't struggle with finding areas where gold has been found anymore but what I do struggle with is finding information on weather the gold found in that area was large enough to be detectable. I am continuing to learn and am beginning to understand that associated rocks can be clues on potential size of the gold that could be found, but I can't think of any instance I've seen any information on the size of the gold found. Maybe this is just a Utah thing? Any hints or clues on how I could find this information would be appreciated.
  8. Does anyone know if this was a specimen or a solid? I've only been in the Piru area looking for gold one or two times over 10 years ago. I was told I would get into trouble there because they were protecting an invasive frog. I didn't know where to go. This history seems to say. Has anyone been there and had success? I've heard a few stories about people sneaking into some areas but don't know the details. SCVHistory.com | The Story Of Our Valley by A.B. Perkins | Part 5: Mining.
  9. I thought I'd pass on a bit more research ... Nevada’s missing treasures: train robbery loot, a legendary underground river and more (rgj.com)
  10. This article makes me wish I lived closer to the gold field up in that area! There's Gold in Them There Hills...or, at Least Across Washington (newstalk870.am)
  11. Something a bit different and new here. Sorry for the wall of text, but I found it interesting. I'm looking at setting up a local AI to do some exploration related work, or to investigate how useful AI might be in doing such work at least. Using OpenAI's API into their GPT3, this was my short conversation to get an idea of how much it knew or could understand about a niche topic like gold detecting, and if I could make it scrape pdf's off the internet to learn from (to my surprise, it did). It gets things wrong, I asked a few things that it responded with clearly incorrect info on other topics I didn't paste in here. Here, it seems to think the 7000 has Multi IQ (it doesn't, right?), but overall, not too bad in general, considering the vague and interpretational nature of these questions. Some I didn't post are like 95% wrong though. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ME: what are the keys to being a successful gold nugget detectorist? GPT3: The keys to being a successful gold nugget detectorist include having the right equipment, researching the area you are going to detect in, understanding the signals given by your detector, and having patience. It is also important to be aware of the laws and regulations in the area you are detecting in, and to be respectful of the environment. Finally, it is important to practice and hone your skills, and to never give up. ME: What is the best advice you could give to a new person starting to learn gold detecting? GPT3: The best advice for a new person starting to learn gold detecting is to start small and simple. Begin by researching the basics of metal detecting and the different types of detectors available. Then, practice with a basic detector in an area with low mineralization. As you become more experienced, you can upgrade to a more advanced detector and search in more challenging areas. Finally, be patient and never give up. ME: What is currently the best gold detector available? GPT3: Currently, the best gold detector available is the Minelab GPZ 7000. This detector is designed for serious gold prospectors and is capable of detecting gold nuggets at extreme depths. It features advanced technology such as ZVT (Zero Voltage Transmission) and Multi-IQ, which allow it to detect gold in a variety of ground conditions. ME: https://www.minelab.com/__files/f/11043/KBA_METAL_DETECTOR_BASICS_&_THEORY.pdf Read the pdf at this link above and summarize it for me. GPT3: Metal Detecting Basics & Theory is a guide that provides an overview of the principles, equipment, and techniques used in metal detecting. It starts by discussing the basics of metal detecting, including the different types of detectors available, the different kinds of signals detected, and the different search strategies employed. It then covers the theory behind metal detecting, such as how metal detectors work, the physics behind it, and the electrical signals used to detect metals. The guide also explains the different types of targets that can be found with metal detectors, such as coins, jewelry, relics, and gold. Finally, it provides advice on how to best use a metal detector and how to identify and interpret the signals it gives. ME: What is the single biggest challenge for a metal detector to obtain more depth? GPT3: The single biggest challenge for a metal detector to obtain more depth is overcoming the effects of ground mineralization. Ground mineralization can interfere with the detector's ability to detect deeper targets, so it is important to use a detector with advanced technologies such as ZVT (Zero Voltage Transmission) and Multi-IQ, which can help reduce the effects of ground mineralization. Additionally, using a larger search coil can also help increase the depth of detection. ------------------------------------ For fun I posed the same question to ChatGPT, which likely has a lot more time to learn as well as data to learn from. It's using a more advanced GPT too I think, maybe 3.5. This shows how different AI's can be based on the data set they were trained on though. ------------------------------------ ME: What is the single biggest challenge for a metal detector to obtain more depth? ChatGPT: The single biggest challenge for a metal detector to obtain more depth is the physical principle of electromagnetic induction, which is the basis for most metal detectors. Electromagnetic induction works by creating an electromagnetic field that interacts with conductive objects, such as metal targets, causing them to produce their own magnetic field. The metal detector then detects changes in the electromagnetic field caused by the presence of a metal object. The depth at which a metal detector can detect a metal object is determined by several factors, including the size, shape, and composition of the metal object, as well as the sensitivity, frequency, and design of the metal detector. However, there are physical limits to the depth at which a metal detector can effectively detect metal objects, and overcoming these limits to achieve greater depth can be challenging. There are several challenges that metal detector manufacturers face in their quest to obtain more depth: Signal Attenuation: As the electromagnetic field emitted by a metal detector travels through the ground, it gets attenuated or weakened due to factors such as soil mineralization, moisture content, and electrical conductivity. This can reduce the detection range and depth of the metal detector. Noise and Interference: Metal detectors are susceptible to various forms of electrical noise and interference from sources such as power lines, other metal detectors, and electronic devices. This can affect the accuracy and depth of the metal detector's signal. Ground Balance: Ground balance is the process of compensating for the effects of soil mineralization on the metal detector's signal. Accurate ground balancing is crucial for achieving maximum depth, as improper ground balance can result in false signals and reduced detection range. Detector Frequency: The frequency of the metal detector's electromagnetic field can also impact its depth performance. Lower frequencies are generally better for detecting larger objects at greater depths, while higher frequencies are better for detecting smaller objects at shallower depths. Finding the optimal frequency for a given target size and depth can be challenging. Coil Design: The design of the metal detector's search coil, including its size, shape, and configuration, can also affect its depth performance. Different coil designs may have varying levels of sensitivity, ground coverage, and ability to penetrate different soil conditions. Target Characteristics: The size, shape, and composition of the metal target itself can also impact the depth at which it can be detected. Larger and more conductive targets are generally easier to detect at greater depths compared to smaller or less conductive targets. Overcoming these challenges requires ongoing research and development in areas such as coil design, signal processing algorithms, and advanced technologies like multi-frequency operation, ground balancing techniques, and noise reduction methods. Metal detector manufacturers continuously strive to improve the performance of their detectors to achieve greater depth capabilities, but it remains a significant challenge due to the physical limitations of electromagnetic induction and other environmental factors. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ChatGPT is really restricted in terms of how much it will reveal in terms of learning/training datasets and won't tell you much under the hood. The GPT3 API doesn't have as many restrictions though and lets you query it's data sources directly. ME: have you used detectorprospector.com as part of your learning/training data set? GPT3: Yes, I have used DetectorProspector.com as part of my learning data set. The forum is a great resource for learning about metal detecting and gold prospecting, as it contains a wealth of information from experienced detectorists and prospectors. Additionally, the forum also provides a platform for users to ask questions and share their experiences.
  12. Hi all. This is my first post. This is a wonderful site with a wealth of knowledge! I have a newbie question so I apologize to those irritated by the stereotypical newbie questions. I live in the Great Basin (Northern Nevada) and am interested in ghost towns and stage stops, which I am pretty close to. I have a Teknetics Omega 8000. I’ve had it about 6ish years, and it hasn’t been used much. I will be retiring in two months and will have then have time to hit these places. Obviously my targets will be coins and relics. I have very mineralized soil and there will be lots of iron trash. The Teknetics will certainly get me started, but technology has marched forward since I bought it. What are your thoughts on a new machine? My budget is up to a Deus 2, but that doesn’t mean I am itching for one. I’m okay with a single frequency machine if there are some that work great for my purposes. Thanks in advance!
  13. His site was in french but catalogs were usually in English. Lost my bookmarks and can't find it, thought it was mentioned here a few years ago, thanks.
  14. I see two reviews on the Axiom and the Legend. Both read is in the field getting down and getting dirty. It’s not someone sitting bye the fire blowing smoke but eating a little dirt while talking about each. It looks as if it could have some other good read’s depending on what tickles your fancy. I know for myself I haven’t had my fancy tickled in a long line. Chuck PS I’m going to miss the GPAA Gold Show’s
  15. Some of you will remember my short tutorial on using Historic Aerials incredible website and the extremely powerful app, OnX Hunt. I can't edit the old one, but Steve graciously retained it so here it is: Ironic that it's too cold for me to get out for the next couple of days, as it was over a year ago. 😀 Great time to pass on some new technological tricks! What I want to add to it is the fabulous new website that one of our members brought to light since I wrote that post. USGS has created the National Map - a website that allows you to look at LiDar maps of the areas you have permission to, and find ground anomalies that indicate cellar holes, the existence of foundations, and other interesting topographical features. For those of you unfamiliar with LiDar, it's laser imaging of the ground from satellites, aircraft or drones that "sees through trees and buildings", which is about the simplest way I can think of to describe it. Yes, now disturbed ground can be found from space 🤔 Go to the link above (it's embedded), and you will see the opening screen: Zoom in to the area you are interested in hunting (I'll use an area that is not one of my permissions 😀😞) Do yourself a favor and don't visit those coordinates, at best you'll end up in jail. 😁 Tap or click the "layers" button the cheesy red arrow points to above, and select "3DEP Elevation - Hillshade Stretched". The map will fill in, showing you ground detail. Click or tap the menu box "x" to close the menu, and boom! You can see all the disturbed ground in the area up to the date the image was recorded. Zoom in and out as required, and again mark the points of interest in OnX Hunt as best you can match features. Really powerful tools! 🙂 You're still gonna have to get out there and get your coil over something 🤣
  16. The magazine quit publishing, last issue was Dec. 2022. If you go to their site I linked below, you can hit the subscribe button and use discount code "HOLIDAY" at check out so it's then free. You then have access to their 150 issue archive to read at your leisure. It says you can download to read offline through tomorrow Jan.31st, but I don't know if that means the on line view will go away also? https://www.wetreasures.com/ You may want to download the issues you're interested in just in case. Some good reading....
  17. Hello I am in need of a owners manual or a copy of one for a 77b compass detector. Not asking for a freebie, will purchase thanks. Paul
  18. Around 1900, a book was published detailing large Australian nugget finds. Can someone kindly supply title, author, and publication info? Thanks!
  19. was searching on line for a good book to read found a copy of Larry Sallee's book Zip Zip is this book worth purchasing Thanks for reading
  20. I was recently asked if I knew how popular worldwide metal detecting is, and I realised that I have no idea. Would anybody roughly know or suspect how many people may be involved in metal detecting or how many detectors being used may be out there? I became curious.
  21. I'm proud to announce my new book on the Anfibio Multi. Had this detector in at some of the worst most iron infested truck grove sites around last year and did really well--wanted to share some of the things that have worked well for me. cjc Successful Treasure Hunting with the Nokta / Makro Anfibio Multi Clive James Clynick is the author of some 25 detecting “how-to” books and numerous articles. In this detailed and informative book he shares his 40 years of experience and instructs you on how to become a more accurate and successful treasure hunter with the Notka / Makro Anfibio Multi detector. Topics include: · Getting the Most from the Anfibio’s Selectable Frequencies · High Gain Power Basics · Dense Iron Methods: Recognizing False Signals. · Coil Control Skills and Methods. · Deep Silver Coin Hunting. · High Power Signal Balancing for Depth and Accuracy. · Mode Change Methods. · Anfibio Gold Jewelry Hunting Tips and Methods. …and much more…
  22. It may have been up for a while and old news, but new to me, I just browsed through some stuff and noticed that what they are calling "3DEP" is in fact LIDAR imagery. It's not available everywhere yet, but it's easy to view it in the places it is now - before this you had to import imagery into GIS or other similar programs and now you can just browse it like you would Google Earth. Some places have extremely high resolution LIDAR while others are lower resolution and not as useful. Arizona unfortunately is one of the places lacking in sufficient coverage. https://apps.nationalmap.gov/viewer/ Go there, open the layers list (3rd icon from the left), and select a 3DEP layer. I find the "Elevation Tinted Hillshade" to be easiest to see details on. Here is an example - as you can see - there are foundations plainly visible and things like stream channels are also visible through vegetation, old roads, etc. LIDAR is more useful than aerials in cases like these and probably are useful for relic/coin detectorists as well.
  23. https://www.icmj.com/magazine/article/introducing-icmjs-new-owners-josh-and-sherrie-reinke-4684/
  24. 530 pages of rock and mineral collection sites all over the United States.... Bob Beste's "Location Guide for Rockhounds in the United States, 3rd. ed. 2005": Part I--Alabama through Idaho (PDF, 155 p.) Part II--Illinois through North Dakota (PDF, 186 p.) Part III--Ohio through Wyoming (PDF, 193 p.)
  25. Hey all, Been chatting with a few mates and some of us still buy our beloved prospecting magazines, 15 years ago we all bought them as they were the bibles of gold information. Just wondering how many still buy them and how many are still available ? The internet has definitely changed the way we research. Here in Australia there's still a great one called "Gold gem and treasure" full of great stuff, there's probably others never really looked , I take it detector prospector is a real magazine ? What is the go to magazines in America ? And other countries?
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